Yesterday the consultancy firms Oikon and Geonatura presented a new nature impact assessment study for the environmentally and economically risky Ombla hydropower plant in Dubrovnik, Croatia. The study had been commissioned by project promoter HEP at the request of the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection and was met with a full hall of members of the public.
Despite the fact that a contract for financing from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development was cancelled in May 2013 due to findings that the project would have serious impacts on the Ombla caves' unique biodiversity, HEP is still stubbornly pushing the project forward.
In the two years since the last study was carried out, no additional research has been carried out in the Vilina Cave-Ombla spring complex. Instead, other nearby caves have been visited in attempt to prove that Ombla does not contain anything that other nearby cave systems do not, and that it would therefore be acceptable to flood it.
In spite of the fact that the presentation lasted for a full six hours, members of the public were yesterday once again left without answers to a range of outstanding questions on the Ombla project, such as the economic feasibility of the project, impacts on local inhabitants, and the cultural aspects of Ombla, as these have not been covered in any publicly available document since the outdated and low quality 1999 environmental impact assessment study.
Along with local civil society organisations Srdj is ours, the Save Ombla and its inhabitants initiative, Eko-Omblici and Eco-Centre Green Sun, Zelena akcija/Friends of the Earth Croatia believes that it is high time for HEP to finally withdraw from the Ombla hydropower plant and invest in improving the capacity and efficiency of existing hydropower plants, as well as in solar and wind plants, and that the Ombla river basin should be declared as a transboundary protected area with Bosnia and Herzegovina, not only because it is a biodiversity focal point on the European and global level but also due to the need to protect Dubrovnik's drinking water.
The Dubrovnik-Neretva County must also protect this area as a Protected Landscape (which has already been declared but not implemented) and as a Special Nature Reserve, for which the State Institute of Nature Protection would need to carry out an expert assessment.
Once again we're calling on the Croatian government to prevent the Ombla hydropower project from going ahead because:
- it is based on an environmental acceptability decision from 1999
- the data used for the environmental assessment date from the '80s and '90s of last century
- additional research of the biodiversity showed that the site is a unique habitat of exceptionally rich fauna which would be compromised or destroyed if the project goes ahead,
- independent experts judged the 1999 environmental impact assessment study as low quality in an independent evaluation
- the project is risky and experimental, and considering the experience with HEP's previous investments it is justified to expect costs 30%-40% more than planned
- the energy that would be generated by Ombla hydropower plant could be ensured by investing in solar
- mistakes made by HEP would be covered by customers through higher electricity prices